Tapu, or cadastral sheet - is the main document confirming ownership of property in Turkey, a title deed. Tapu gives an absolute right to own property, which cannot be challenged after sale transaction.
A Red TAPU is for land already built on and lists the following:
2. Borough, district or town
3. Block, quarter
4. Settlement, town, village
5. Street, avenue
7. Photo of the owner
8, 9, 10. Position (coordinates) of the plot
11. Feature of the plot (from Cadastral Management Office)
12, 13, 14, 15. Detailed Drawing of the plot, showing precisely what belongs to a new owner
16. Condition of the real estate, belongs to a new owner (Property type)
17. Cost of purchased real estate
18. Information about the previous owner (s)
19. Information about the current owner (s)
20. TAPU number within a previous registration (changes for each ownership transfer)
21. Date of purchase of the Property by the previous owner
22. Registration data of the new document TAPU
23. Date of purchase of the Property by the current owner
24. Stamp and signature of the Cadastral Management Office’s Director
Ownership registers are kept at the local Cadastral Management Office. Buyer and seller sign ‘an act of absence’ on mutual claims in the presence of a sworn translator, following which there is conveyance of property. The new owner endorses the Cadastral book, and issues a Cadastral sheet (TAPU - title deed).
A Blue TAPU is for a plot of land without any construction permit. It shows:
2. Borough, district or town
4. Block, quarter
5. Settlement, town, village
6. Street, avenue
8. Photo of the owner
9. Tax number
10. Assessed value
11, 12, 13. Plot number
14, 15, 16. Detailed Drawing of the plot
17. Type of real estate
18. Border area
19. Purchasing reason
21. TAPU number within a previous registration (changes for each ownership transfer)
22. Date of purchase of the Property by the previous owner
23. Registration data of the new document TAPU
24. Date of purchase of the Property by the current owner
25. Stamp and signature of the Cadastral Management Office’s Director
- All the participants in the transaction or their representatives must be present when signing the document on transfer of ownership from the seller to the buyer.
- Make sure that there is an interpreter, who should not be the namesake of a foreign citizen, if the transaction is with a foreigner.
- Check the actual address of the property if it is correctly specified in the title deed (TAPU).
- The TAPU must be carefully checked for encumbrances: mortgage, any partial exclusions, pledges, deeds of gift, debentures, etc.
- Buying off plan residential real estate, make sure that there are proper construction plans, building permits and residence accommodation provision. Check also if there are arrears on accounts for water, electricity and taxes, which may otherwise be collected from you.
- Lost TAPU can be restored. For this, you will need to pay the state duty.